CDC in Azure SQL Databases offers a similar functionality to SQL Server and Azure SQL Managed Instance CDC.However, on Azure SQL Databases, CDC provides a scheduler which automatically runs the capture and cleanup processes, which are run as SQL Server Agent jobs on SQL Server and on Azure SQL Managed Instance.
Limitations for CDC in Azure SQL Databases
In Azure SQL Databases, the following tiers within the DTU model are not supported for Change Data Capture: Basic, Standard (S0, S1, S2). If you want to downgrade a Change Data Capture-enabled database to an unsupported tier, you must first disable Change Data Capture on the database and then downgrade.
Running point-in-time-restore (PITR) on an Azure SQL Database that has Change Data Capture enabled will not preserve the Change Data Capture artifacts (e.g. system tables). After PITR, those artifacts will not be available.
If you create an Azure SQL Database as an AAD user and enable Change Data Capture on it, a SQL user (e.g. even sys admin role) will not be able to disable/make changes to Change Data Capture artifacts. However, another AAD user will be able to enable/disable Change Data Capture on the same database.