SQL SERVER DBA, Linux and Azure

Configure Deadlock Alert Using T-SQL in SQL Server

-- Here is a script to configure Deadlock Alert using t-sql


USE msdb

GO

 

DECLARE @perfcond NVARCHAR (100);

DECLARE @sqlversion TINYINT ;

 

-- get the major version of sql running

SELECT  @sqlversion = ca2.Ver

FROM    (SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR (20),

                    SERVERPROPERTY('ProductVersion' )) AS Ver) dt1

        CROSS APPLY (SELECT CHARINDEX( '.', dt1 .Ver) AS Pos ) ca1

        CROSS APPLY (SELECT SUBSTRING( dt1.Ver , 1, ca1.Pos -1) AS Ver ) ca2;

 

-- handle the performance condition depending on the version of sql running

-- and whether this is a named instance or a default instance.

 

SELECT  @perfcond =

        CASE WHEN @sqlversion >= 11 THEN ''

        ELSE ISNULL (N'MSSQL$' +

                CONVERT(sysname , SERVERPROPERTY ('InstanceName')), N'SQLServer') + N':'

        END +

        N'Locks|Number of Deadlocks/sec|_Total|>|0' ;

 

EXEC msdb. dbo.sp_add_alert

    @name= N'Deadlock Alert',

    @message_id =0,

    @severity =0,

    @enabled =1,

    @delay_between_responses =0,

    @include_event_description_in =0,

    @category_name =N'[Uncategorized]',

    @performance_condition =@perfcond,

    --@job_name=N'Job to run when a deadlock happens, if applicable'

    -- or

    @job_id =N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000'

GO

 

EXEC msdb. dbo.sp_add_notification

    @alert_name = N'Deadlock Alert',

    @notification_method = 1, --email

    @operator_name = N'<operatorName>' ; -- name of the operator to notify

GO

Blocking

 

Blocking

user1 running a command on table1 which is still executing at the same time other user try to read/update the data from/to same table then user1 query will block the user2 Query.

 




 

 

 

Step1: Find the Blocking

There are number of ways to find out the details of the system processes IDs (spids) involved in blocking.

1.     sp_who2 System Stored Procedure

2.     sys.dm_exec_requests DMV

3.     sys.sysprocesses

4.     Sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks

5.     SQL Server Management Studio Activity Monitor

6.     SQL Server Management Studio Reports

7.     SQL Server Profiler

 

1.sp_who2 System Stored Procedure

The sp_who2 system stored procedure provides information about the current SQL Server processes with the associated SPID, status,login,Hostname,BlkBy,DBName,Command,CPU time, etc. The information returned can be filtered to return only the active processes by using the ‘active' parameter.

Below is some sample code and a screen shot with showing process 54 being blocked by process 53.

1.USE Master

Go

Sp_Who2

Go

 

2.USE Master

Go

Sp_Who2 active

Go

 



 

2.  sys.dm_exec_requests DMV

The sys.dm_exec_requests DMV provides details on all of the processes running in SQL Server. With the WHERE condition listed below, only blocked processes will be returned.

Use master

Go

select  * from sys.dm_exec_requests

where  blocking_session_id<>0



3. sys.sysprocesses

 

The sys.sysprocesses provides details on all of the processes running in SQL Server. With the WHERE condition listed below, only blocked processes will be returned.

Use master

GO

Select * from sys.sysprocesses where blocked<>0

 



4.sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks DMV

The sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks DMV returns information about the tasks that are waiting on resources.

USE Master

GO

SELECT session_id, wait_duration_ms, wait_type, blocking_session_id

FROM sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks

WHERE blocking_session_id <> 0

GO



5.SQL Server Management Studio Activity Monitor

It is easy procedure to do find the blocking from SSMS.

Open SSMS->Connect instance->Right click on instance-> select 'Activity Monitor'->Processes



OR





 

6.SQL Server Management Studio Reports

We can monitor the blocking on standard reports.

Open SSMS->Connect instance->Right click on instance->  Reports -> Standard Reports-> Activity - All Blocking Transactions.






 

7.SQL Server Profiler

To capture blocking related data on a continuous basis, one option is to run SQL Server Profiler and save the data to a table or file for analysis purposes. In order to configure Profiler to capture blocking related data, execute Profiler, configure the general properties. In addition, be sure to configure the 'blocked process threshold' before you start Profiler using this code:

sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1

GO

RECONFIGURE

GO

sp_configure 'blocked process threshold', 20

GO

RECONFIGURE

GO

Menu Bar->Tools->SQL Profiler->Connect the Instance->Select use template as TSQL-Lock->click on column filter->Select Database->Give the database name->ok->Run

 

Note: Don’t do this process in business hours. It causes a performance issue. Without change we can’t run the profiler.

  



 

Step2:INPUTBUFFER

Find the command which is running under SPID by using DBCCDBCC INPUTBUFFER(53)



Step3:KILL SPID

Kill the transaction by using below command

KILL 53

 

Note:

1.If select then kill the SPID ( Select command is not modify the data)

2. There is any other command part of the blocking then we can take the user/application team approval then we will kill it

 

Bandaru Ajeyudu

SQL and Azure DBA Trainer

Microsoft & Azure SQL DBA certified.

91-9494947541

Sqldbanow.com

ajeyudub@gmail.com                    

T-SQL query to get tables size in GB with no of rows in SQL server

Hi All,

Please find the below T-SQL script to get the tables size in GB with number of rows in SQL Server Database.


Use DB_Name;  --Change your database here

go

SELECT 

 s.name + '.' + t.Name AS [Table Name],

 part.rows AS [Total Rows In Table - Modified],

 CAST((SUM( DISTINCT au.Total_pages) * 8 ) / 1024.000 / 1024.000 AS NUMERIC(18, 3)) 

 AS [Table's Total Space In GB]

FROM 

 SYS.Tables t INNER JOIN sys.schemas s ON t.schema_id = s.schema_id

 INNER JOIN SYS.Indexes idx ON t.Object_id = idx.Object_id

 INNER JOIN SYS.Partitions part ON idx.Object_id = part.Object_id 

                    AND idx.Index_id = part.Index_id

 INNER JOIN SYS.Allocation_units au ON part.Partition_id = au.Container_id

 INNER JOIN SYS.Filegroups fGrp ON idx.Data_space_id = fGrp.Data_space_id

 INNER JOIN SYS.Database_files Df ON Df.Data_space_id = fGrp.Data_space_id

WHERE t.Is_ms_shipped = 0 AND idx.Object_id > 255 

GROUP BY t.Name, s.name, part.rows

ORDER BY [Table's Total Space In GB] DESC